How stress and anxiety can cause hair loss
Trichologists extraordinaire Dr. Apoorva Shah and Dr. Sonal Shah
Simple techniques to reverse stress-induced hair fall.
We live in stressful times. Work pressures, family commitments, relationship issues, tedious commutes…all build up to affect your health in many ways. Insomnia, eating too much or too little, irritability, anxiety, and dull skin and hair loss are common fallouts. “Hair loss is never the only symptom of anxiety and stress. However, anxiety and hair loss have a complex relationship and anxiety can, in many cases, cause hair loss to occur, and in other cases, make it more difficult to control,” say Drs. Apoorva and Sonal Shah, trichologists extraordinaire who are synonymous with strand and scalp care. Featured in the Limca book of Records as India’s first certified trichologist, Dr. Apoorva took up the cause of tresses long before it became fashionable, setting up the Richfeel Trichology Centers in India—fifty two—at last count—to solve common strand woes. His beautiful wife Dr. Sonal shares his passion and is a qualified Beauty Physician in Natural Therapies and the first female Indian trichologist who launched the country’s earliest range of nutritive homeopathic remedies. The couple was also the Official Hair Care Experts for the Femina Miss India Pageant for ten consecutive years.
Different types of hair loss
“When you’re feeling good, your vibrant health is reflected in your shining and radiant hair. But if you’re under stress, it’s just the reverse,” says Dr. Sonal. Hair loss is a sign that stress has pushed your body off balance. “Stress can cause hair to become dull, lifeless and greasy because of overproduction by traumatised sebaceous glands,” she points out. The two main kinds of hair loss caused by stress include Alopecia Areata and Telogen Effluvium. Dr. Apoorva says Alopecia Areata is characterized by the sudden loss of large clumps of hair in areas around your scalp, while Telogen Effluvium is a condition where more hairs than normal prepare to fall out. “The third condition, Trichotillomania, is the habitual condition caused by stress and anxiety where the person pulls out hairs without realizing it,” he adds.
Sudden hair loss is caused by stressors
Dr Sonal says sudden and rapid hair loss (Telogen Effluvim) is a common condition experienced by people who have had a shock to their system. “This is commonly seen in women after childbirth, people with high fevers, people who go on fasts or rapid weight-loss diets, and those recovering from surgery or other stresses.” Other causes could include stressful events such as deaths in the family, abuse or accidents, severe emotional stress, the termination of a pregnancy and a change in birth control pills. Hair loss after the stress associated with terminating a pregnancy also occurs due to sudden changes in hormone levels. The hair enters a resting phase and is usually shed three months after the abortion.
The good doctor says that Telogen Effluvim, which affects more women than men, increases the percentage of hairs in the resting phase from 10 percent to about 30 percent, and causes clumps of hair to fall out, a distressing occurrence for anyone. “It’s upsetting for women with once thick hair to notice thinning all over the scalp. Clumps of hair falling out while braiding or curling is a common phenomenon,” says Dr. Sonal. The only silver lining is that stress induced hair loss is a temporary condition and doesn’t lead to baldness. “Also, as soon as your body finds its equilibrium and you recover from stress, the hair loss should cease,” Dr. Sonal she adds.
Dr. Apoorva says that the scalp is the first place to show distress. Illness, medication and imbalances in nutrition all show up in you hair and scalp. “Even aspirin and over-the-counter allergy pills or cold tablets can have a negative effect on your hair, especially if your hair is chemically treated with colour or a permanent rinse,” he points out. While stress-induced hair loss is usually temporary, some hair loss may continue until the root of the problem is resolved.
How can hair fall be reversed through diet?
As in life, there are no magic pills or miracle foods that can reverse hair fall overnight. However, following a healthy diet can ultimately lead to healthy hair. “The hair and scalp can be healed by eating foods that promote physical health and wellbeing,” says Dr. Sonal. She says one should avoid foods that are high in oils and fats. “Red meats, fried foods, most nuts and nut products are not good for hair. Similarly you should limit your intake of shellfish and iodised salt because they contain too much iodine. Iodine does help hair growth, but too much can cause acne and hair fall.” Chocolate and cocoa products, cheese, sugar, coffee and tea, and alcohol, should be consumed in limited quantities because they can trigger systematic problems that upset the delicate balance between your hair and its environment, the scalp, she adds.
The best foods for healthy hair include:
- Good proteins sources including chicken, turkey, fish, dairy products, legumes and tofu.
- Iron rich foods such as lentils, spinach and other leafy green vegetables including broccoli, kale and salad greens.
- Vitamin C rich foods such as blackcurrants, blueberries, broccoli, guava, kiwi fruits, oranges, papaya, strawberries and sweet potatoes.
- Omega 3, 6, 9 rich foods such as oily fish such as salmon, herring, sardines, trout and mackerel and plant sources including avocado, pumpkin seeds and walnuts.
- Vitamin A rich foods such as animal products and orange/yellow coloured vegetables including carrots, pumpkins and sweet potatoes.
- Fortified cereals and whole grains, oysters, beef and eggs, all rich sources of zinc.
- Biotin rich foods such as whole grains, liver, egg yolk, soy flour and yeast.
Reduce your stress levels for lustrous locks
Dr. Apoorva says de-stress techniques are key to reversing stress-induced hair loss because “hair loss can cause even more stress in your life”. He suggests that instead of feeling additional stress, one should look at hair loss as the body’s central nervous system’s way of communicating a problem. “Your hair is part of an early warning distress system that may be trying to tell you that the medication you’re taking, the food you’re eating or your lifestyle is stressing your system and its time to make changes.” In his opinion, relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation and exercise can all reverse hair fall. After all, it’s well documented that if stress and anxiety are causing your hair loss, reducing anxiety levels can help restore your crowning glory.