How to make your teeth white and sparkly
Dental bleaching options are aplenty
Dental bleaching, also known as tooth whitening, is a common procedure in general dentistry but most especially in the field of cosmetic dentistry. There are many methods available, such as brushing, bleaching strips, bleaching pen, bleaching gel, laser bleaching, and natural bleaching.
Bleaching methods use carbamide peroxide which reacts with water to form hydrogen peroxide. Carbamide peroxide has about a third of the strength of hydrogen peroxide. This means that a 15% solution of carbamide peroxide is the rough equivalent of a 5% solution of hydrogen peroxide.
The peroxide oxidizing agent penetrates the porosities in the rod-like crystal structure of enamel and bleaches stain deposits in the dentin. Power bleaching uses light energy to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office. Tooth bleaching is not a modern invention. Ancient Romans, for example, utilized urine and goat milk as a product to make and keep their teeth whiter!
A child’s deciduous teeth are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow. As a person ages, the adult teeth often become darker due to changes in the mineral structure of the tooth, as the enamel becomes less porous and phosphate-deficient. Teeth can also become stained by bacterial pigments, food-goods and vegetables rich with carotenoids or xanthonoids. Certain antibacterial medications (like tetracycline) can also cause teeth stains or a reduction in the brilliance of the enamel. Drinking colored liquids like coffee, tea, colas and red wine can also discolor teeth.
Have antibiotics containing tetracycline, enamel hypoplasia and fluorosis are other causes for teeth discoloration. It’s also seen that as we age, the teeth become more yellow or opaque and generally take on a darker hue. This is more common after age 50. Smoking or chewing tombacco can leave ugly brown stains on teeth. It’s also been observed that Chlorhexidine (chemical bactericidal and bacteriostatic used as antiseptic in mouthwashes and toothpastes for the treatment of gingivitis and halitosis) can cause teeth to darken.
There is a wide range of options to make your smile sparkle. According to the American Dental Association, different whitening include solutions include in-office bleaching applied by a professional dentist; at-home bleaching for use by patients in the privacy of their homes; over-the-counter options; and non-dental solutions which are offered at mall kiosks, spas and salons. You could also whiten your teeth by natural teeth bleaching methods.
However, it’s advisable that you should have your teeth checked by a dentist before undergoing any whitening method. The dentist will examine you thoroughly and take a health and dental history (including allergies and sensitivities), observe hard and soft tissues, placement and conditions of restorations, and sometimes x-rays to determine the nature and depth of possible irregularities.