Are you constantly cancelling plans because of inopportune breakouts? Do acne symptoms plague your life, despite every attempt to keep them at bay? P. acnes is every girl’s enemy, but some have it worse than others. For the unluckier ones, there’s no better option that making a trip to the dermat for some heavy-duty acne treatment. But for those who suffer small, infrequent breakouts, caused due to diet, lifestyle, stress or just that time of the month – we’ve compiled a list of home remedies for acne and clinical acne treatment to help ward away that wayward zit.
First things first, here’s a list of factors that causes of acne.
Causes Of Acne
1. Excess Oil production
If you have oily skin, then chances of you getting acne are extremely high. Once there is excess sebum, it clogs your pores; once bacteria starts growing in a clogged pore, that’s when acne appears on your skin. Alternately dead skin or trapped hair follicles leads to blackheads and whiteheads as well.
2. Hormonal Imbalance
Hormonal imbalance is one of the many factors that can give rise to acne. During puberty, Androgens cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and create more sebum—which then leads to acne. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. In certain cases, PCOD can be one of the major causes of acne.
Diet always plays a crucial role in maintaining skin health. Food items such as dairy, sugar and carbs-rich products such as milk, bread, bagel, chocolates, chips and deep-fried food can worsen acne. While we know it ain’t easy to give all up, ty to control portion size and have a balanced diet to keep acne in check.
Stress always effects our skin more than you think. That is why your skin looks perfect when you are on a vacay more than when you are toughing it out at work. The best way to work around stress is to indulge in calming activities such as meditation and yoga that will help manage your stress levels more effectively. PS: Don’t forget to breathe when everything gets a tad too overwhelming.
Unfortunately, this is just one thing that you really don’t have any control over. If your parents had/have acne, chances are you might have them too.
Read on to know all about home remedies for acne:
1. APPLE CIDER VINEGAR
Why: Apple cider vinegar is known to be a cure-all for a long list of ailments, and acne symptoms is no exception. Its organic acids fight bacteria, germs and oil, while lactic and succinic acid banish inflammation and help in acne scar removal.
How: Mix one part of ACV with three parts of water, and dab on the affected areas – but make sure not to overdo this acne treatment at home.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: St. Botanica Apple Cider Vinegar
2. TEA TREE OIL
Why: A miracle solution for most kinds of bacteria, Tea Tree Oil is especially useful on acne scars, with studies showing it to be as effective as benzoyl peroxide – the most common over-the-counter acne medication. Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial – it immediately soothes skin infections, itchiness and redness.
How: Since it’s super potent, use only a scarce amount (1 part for 9 parts water) for acne spot treatment. Dab it with a cotton ball on your scalp.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: Nykaa Naturals Tea Tree Essential Oil
3. HONEY & TURMERIC
Why: An ages-old mama’s mix, honey and turmeric has been a mainstay in all our lives, curing everything from a bad throat to a full acne face – and there’s solid science behind it. A combination of anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial powers, it’s a great solution for how to get rid of acne fast at home.
How: Use half a teaspoon of turmeric in one tablespoon of honey and keep it on for 5 minutes for effective acne spot treatment.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: SoulTree Indian Rose Face Wash With Turmeric & Forest Honey, For Dry to Normal Skin
4. GREEN TEA
Why: High in antioxidants, flavonoids and tannins, green tea is game for more than just the sippin’. Probably the best acne treatment at home, it naturally reduces acne-inducing blood sugar and insulin levels. Its star ingredient EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate), when applied topically, can help reduce the production of sebum, inflammation and stunts the growth of evil P. Acnes.
How: Make yourself a pot and use a spritzer or cotton ball to apply once it’s cooled for acne scar treatment.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: Himalaya Herbals Green Tea - 10 Tea Bag(2gm Each)
5. ALOE VERA
Why: With benefits spanning the alphabet and the passage of time, Aloe Vera has long been a go-to for all manner of ailments, including acne marks. Its anti-fungal properties prevent infections, expedite healing and soothe inflammation on the skin, while its astringent properties prevent sebum production and the gathering of dirt, disallowing an environment for acnes to breed in the first place.
How: Scrape fresh Aloe Vera Pulp from the leaves and apply it to your face twice a day to reap the benefits of healthy, squeaky clean skin.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: Aloe Veda Nourishing Aloe Vera Skin Gel With Green Tea Extracts & Vitamin E Beads
6. LEMON JUICE
Why: The simplest and most ubiquitous of ingredients, lemon juice is one of the most super effective and inexpensive at-home acne remedies. An astringent, exfoliant and antibacterial agent, it helps unclog the pores, remove dead skin cells and dry out active acnes.
How: Mix with honey or rosewater and apply twice daily to the affected areas, let it absorb for over 10 minutes, and wash your skin out with cool water. For a gentler, less acidic mix, blend with rosewater instead.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: Swati Khadi Herbal Honey, Rosewater And Lemon Facial Cleanser
Why: Oatmeal isn’t just healthy a breakfast food, it’s one of the best home remedies for acne scars. The natural antioxidant expels inflammation-causing cytokines, itchiness, dryness and dead skin. Active zinc targets acne-causing bacteria while balancing your skin’s natural oils, rather than drying it out completely like other acne remedies.
How: You can make your own oatmeal mask with carriers like milk, honey or coconut water.
How To Get Rid Of Acne: Innisfree My Real Squeeze Mask – Oatmeal
Now that we’re done with home remedies for acne scars, let’s move on to finding out the best acne treatment from a clinical aspect. Note that these medical procedures are majorly targeted at acne scar removal.
1. Laser Treatment For Acne
Laser treatment for acne scars works by removing the uppermost layer of skin to reveal the younger skin cells underneath. It resurfaces the skin without the use of chemicals or scrubs, which in turn helps reduce the appearance of acne scars. However, laser treatment for acne scars isn’t suitable for all skin types, especially sensitive skin. The effectiveness of this acne scar treatment also depends on the type of acne marks.
Another brilliant acne scar treatment is microneedling. It is the process of inserting tiny needles into the skin surrounding the acne scar to stimulate the body to make more collagen. This collagen may reduce the appearance of acne marks by smoothing out the skin. However, this acne scar removal method may lead to temporary effects like redness, pain, and inflammation.
3. Dermal Fillers
For severe cases of acne scars, dermatologists may recommend using soft tissue fillers to reduce the appearance of acne marks. These fillers typically consist of a collagen-based product, which may require prior allergy testing. This acne scar removal treatment work best for a specific kind of acne scars and may last anywhere between 6 and 18 months.
OTC Treatments For Acne
When nothing seems to work, there are always OTC treatments that have been known to be quite effective, when used consistently over a period of time. However, it’s recommended you consult a doctor just to be on the safe side.
1. Salicylic Acid
Salicylic Acid is one the best OTC treatments for acne out there. Since it is oil soluble, it penetrates deep into the skin and dissolves skin debris that clogs pores; plus, it acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and also helps red inflamed pimples and pustules go away faster. However, too much can cause skin irritation and itching, so choose concentrations that will suit your skin type.
2. Zinc Supplements
Since Zinc aids in healing wounds and reduces inflammation, it’s considered a good anti-acne treatment. Studies have shown that a dosage of 30–45 mg of elemental zinc per day can help reduce acne.
3. Fish Oil Supplements
Breaking news: Fish oil supplements can help prevent acne in the long run! Yes, you read that right. Fish oil contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EPA and DHA help regulate oil production, maintain adequate hydration and decrease inflammation—thereby preventing acne. The natural sources of Fish Oil are salmon, sardines, walnuts, chia seeds and ground flaxseeds. However, you can also take supplements such as St.Botanica Enteric Coated Salmon Fish Oil 60 Softgels or MuscleXP Omega 3 Fish Oil 60 Softgels.
4. Benzoyl Peroxide
This is perhaps one of the most widely used anti-acne ingredient in topical creams. It is available in various dosage forms in concentrations of 2.5% to 20%. The maximum concentration available as an OTC product is 10%. It has anti-inflammatory properties and is a bactericidal agent oxidizes proteins in the bacterial cell membrane and thereby reduces acne. However, since it’s extremely drying and can cause skin peeling and sloughing, it’s best to consult a doctor beforehand.
5. Brewer’s Yeast
Sounds scary but it’s really not! Brewer’s Yeast is a specific strain of yeast called the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS that prevents pimples when taken orally. Moreover, it’s also a rich source of vitamins, chromium, copper, iron, zinc and has antibiotic properties that helps zap those pimples pronto.